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Ekya / May 11, 2023 Posted by : administrator

A comprehensive guide to the different types of shapes, their names, and their significance in math and other areas. This guide is aimed at providing a detailed understanding of geometric shapes and their properties, which is crucial for early childhood education.

Learning about shapes in maths is one of the fundamental concepts in early childhood education. It is the first step toward developing spatial awareness, visual perception, and cognitive development. Children who learn shapes early on are better equipped to navigate the physical world, understand mathematical concepts, and identify and categorize objects based on their properties.

Why Teaching Shapes is Crucial for Early Childhood Development?

Names of Shapes - Childhood Development

Shapes are all around us, and teaching shapes is essential for several reasons. Here are some of the reasons why teaching shapes is so important:

Developing Spatial Awareness:

Names of Shapes - Developing Spatial Awareness

Shapes are the foundation for spatial awareness, which is the ability to understand and navigate the physical world around us. By learning shapes, children develop spatial skills that help them understand how objects relate to one another in space. This is a critical skill that helps children navigate their environment, solve problems, and succeed in math and science.

Improving Visual Perception:

Names of Shapes - Improving Visual Perception

Identifying shapes requires visual perception skills, which are essential for reading, writing, and many other activities. By learning to identify and distinguish shapes, children improve their visual perception skills, which helps them learn to recognize letters, numbers, and other symbols.

Enhancing Cognitive Development:

Names of Shapes - Enhancing Cognitive Development

Learning shapes also helps children develop their cognitive skills, including memory, attention, and problem-solving. By recognizing shapes, children learn to categorize objects based on their properties, which enhances their ability to think logically and critically.

Preparing for Math:

Names of Shapes - Preparing for Math

Shapes are an essential part of math, and understanding shapes is crucial for success in math. By learning shapes, children develop a foundation for understanding geometry and other mathematical concepts. They also learn to calculate the area, perimeter, and volume of shapes, which are fundamental skills for solving math problems.

Boosting Creativity:

Names of Shapes - Boosting Creativity

Shapes are a fundamental component of art and design. By learning shapes, children develop their creativity and imagination. They learn to identify shapes in the world around them and use them in their artwork and design projects.

In this guide, we will cover a wide range of shapes, including basic shapes like circles, squares, and triangles, as well as more complex shapes like polygons, quadrilaterals, and three-dimensional shapes. We will also discuss the names of shapes and their significance in math, science, and other fields.

56+ Shapes You Need to Know with Pictures:

  • Square:

Names of Shapes -Square

A square is a type of geometric shape that has four equal sides and four right angles. It is a regular polygon, which means that all of its sides are of the same length and its interior angles are all equal to 90 degrees.

  • Circle:

Names of Shapes - Circle

A circle is a two-dimensional geometric shape consisting of all the points in a plane that are equidistant from a given point called the center. It is a closed curve with a circumference that is the same distance from the center at any point.

  • Rectangle:

Names of Shapes- Rectangle

A rectangle is a four-sided polygon with two pairs of parallel sides and four right angles (90 degrees each). It is a type of quadrilateral and a parallelogram, with opposite sides that are congruent and parallel to each other.

  • Triangle

Names of Shapes- Triangle

A three-sided polygon is known as a triangle. It has three internal angles, and the sum of these angles is always 180 degrees. It is a fundamental shape in geometry, often used to model real-world objects such as pyramids, roofs, and traffic signs. Triangles can be classified by the length of their sides (equilateral, isosceles, or scalene) or by the measure of their angles (acute, right, or obtuse).

  • Oval

Names of Shapes- Oval

An oval is a two-dimensional shape that is similar to a circle, but elongated in one direction. It has a curved outline, with no straight sides or corners, and two equal and opposite axes of symmetry.

  • Pentagon

Names of Shapes- Pentagon

A pentagon is a five-sided polygon with five angles that add up to 540 degrees. It is a type of irregular polygon, where each side may have a different length and each angle may have a different measure.

  • Hexagon

Names of Shapes- Hexagon

A hexagon is a six-sided polygon with six angles that add up to 720 degrees. It is a type of regular polygon, where all six sides have the same length and all six angles have the same measure (120 degrees).

  • Heptagon

Names of Shapes - Heptagon

A heptagon is a seven-sided polygon with seven angles that add up to 900 degrees. It is a type of irregular polygon, where each side may have a different length and each angle may have a different measure. 

  • Octagon

Names of Shapes - Octagon

An octagon is an eight-sided polygon with eight angles that add up to 1080 degrees. It is a type of regular polygon, where all eight sides have the same length and all eight angles have the same measure (135 degrees).

  • Nonagon

Names of Shapes - Nonagon

A polygon with nine sides is called a nonagon, and it has nine internal angles with a total sum of 1260 degrees. It is a type of irregular polygon, where each side may have a different length and each angle may have a different measure.

  • Decagon

Names of Shapes - Decagon

A decagon is a ten-sided polygon with ten angles that add up to 1440 degrees. It is a type of regular polygon, where all ten sides have the same length and all ten angles have the same measure (144 degrees).

  • Sphere

Names of Shapes - Sphere

A sphere is a 3D object with a perfectly round shape. It consists of all points in space that are equidistant from a fixed point, known as the center. The surface of a sphere is called a spherical surface, and its properties are studied in geometry and math.

  • Cube

Names of Shapes -Cube

A cube is a geometric solid with six square faces, twelve edges, and eight vertices. It is a regular solid object, which means that all its faces, edges, and vertices are equal in size and shape. 

  • Cone

Names of Shapes - Cone

A cone is a three-dimensional geometric shape that has a circular base and a curved surface that narrows gradually and smoothly towards a point, which is called the apex. It is a geometric shape that is used to model real-world objects such as ice cream cones and traffic cones.

  • Cuboid

Names of Shapes - Cuboid

A cuboid is a three-dimensional solid shape that is characterized by six rectangular faces, each of which meets at right angles. It is also called a rectangular prism. A cuboid is used to model real-world objects such as shoeboxes, books, and television sets.

  • Cylinder

Names of Shapes - Cylinder

A cylinder is a three-dimensional geometric shape that has two identical circular bases and a curved surface that connects the two bases.

  • Pyramid

Names of Shapes - Pramid

A pyramid is a three-dimensional shape with a polygonal base and triangular faces that connect at a central point or vertex. A pyramid takes its name from the shape of its base.

  • Rectangular Prism

Names of Shapes - Rectangular prism

A rectangular prism is a solid geometric shape with six faces, all of which are rectangles.  The opposite faces of the rectangular prism are parallel and equal in size. A rectangular prism is also called a rectangular cuboid or a rectangular parallelepiped.

  • Trapezoid

Names of Shapes - Trapezoid

A trapezoid, also known as a trapezium, is a four-sided polygon with two parallel sides and two non-parallel sides. It is a type of quadrilateral that has one pair of opposite sides parallel.

  • Parallelogram

Names of Shapes - Parallelogram

A parallelogram is a four-sided polygon with opposite sides that are parallel and equal in length. Its opposite sides have the same length and are parallel to each other.

  • Kite

Names of Shapes - Kite

A kite is a quadrilateral shape that has two pairs of adjacent sides that are equal in length. It has one pair of opposite angles that are equal in measure. The other pair of opposite angles are also equal but not necessarily the same measure as the first pair. 

  • Arrow

Names of Shapes - Arrow

An arrow is a graphical symbol that consists of a straight line with a pointed end, called an arrowhead. Arrows are commonly used to indicate direction or point to a specific object or location.

  • Crescent

Names of Shapes - Cresent

A crescent is a curved, moon-shaped object that appears in the sky during certain phases of the moon.

  • Cross

Names of Shapes - Cross

A cross is a geometric shape consisting of two perpendicular lines intersecting each other. 

  • Quadrilateral

Names of Shapes - Quadrilateral

A quadrilateral is a two-dimensional geometric shape that has four sides, four vertices, and four angles. The total of the angles inside it always adds up to 360 degrees.

  • Rhombus

Names of Shapes - Rhombus

A rhombus is a four-sided geometric shape with equal sides and opposite angles that are equal to each other. 

  • Right Triangle

Names of Shapes - Right Triangle

A triangle with one angle measuring 90 degrees is known as a right triangle. The side opposite the right angle is the longest side, known as the hypotenuse.

  • Ring

Names of Shapes - Ring

A ring is a geometric shape that resembles a circular band. It has a round shape with a hollow center and is formed by two concentric circles.

  • Semicircle

Names of Shapes - Semicircle

A semicircle is a two-dimensional geometric shape that is formed by cutting a circle into two equal parts along a diameter, resulting in a half-circle.

  • Star

Names of Shapes - Star

A star is a geometric shape made up of several lines connecting to form a symmetrical pattern.

  • Trapezium 

Names of Shapes - Trapezium

A trapezium is a four-sided, flat, geometric shape with two sides parallel and two sides non-parallel. It is also known as a trapezoid in some regions.

  • Diamond

Names of Shapes - Diamond

A diamond is a colorless and brilliantly bright mineral that has a crystalline structure and is the hardest naturally occurring substance. It is a solid compound made up of crystalline carbon.

  • Hemisphere

Names of Shapes - Hemisphere

A hemisphere is a three-dimensional geometric shape that resembles half of a sphere, with a curved surface and a flat circular base.

  • Hexagonal Pyramid

Names of Shapes - Hexagonal Pyramid

A hexagonal pyramid is a polyhedron with a hexagonal base and six triangular faces that meet at a single point above the base called the apex. 

  • Octahedron

Names of Shapes - Octahedron

An octahedron is a polyhedron with eight faces, each of which is an equilateral triangle. It has 6 vertices and 12 edges. 

  • Tetrahedron

Names of Shapes - Tetrahedron

A tetrahedron is a geometric solid made up of four triangular faces. At each vertex, three of the triangular faces meet. It is the simplest type of polyhedron, with each face being an equilateral triangle. 

  • Minus

Names of Shapes - Minus

Minus is a mathematical symbol that represents subtraction, or taking away one number from another. It is commonly symbolized by the hyphen (-).

  • Plus

Names of Shapes - Plus

Plus sign (+) is a mathematical symbol used to indicate addition, representing the operation of combining two or more quantities or values. It is commonly used in arithmetic and algebra to represent the sum of numbers or variables.

  • Multiplication

Names of Shapes - Multiplication

Multiplication is a basic arithmetic operation performed to determine the total value of several equal-sized groups or to find the product of two numbers. It is represented by an asterisk (*) or the letter “x.”

  • Ellipse

Names of Shapes - Ellipse

An ellipse is a closed curve in a plane, resembling a stretched-out circle, with two main axes of symmetry intersecting at its center. 

  • Trefoil

Names of Shapes - Trefoil

A trefoil is a shape that is composed of three overlapping loops. It is a common design element in various fields, including art, architecture, and nature. In mathematics, it is used to represent knots with three crossings. 

  • Scalene Triangle

Names of Shapes - Scalene Triangle

A scalene triangle is a polygon with three sides of varying lengths and three angles of different measures. It is a type of irregular triangle that does not have any sides or angles that are equal

  • Isosceles Trapezoid

Names of Shapes - Isosceles Trapezoid

An isosceles triangle is a three-sided polygon with two equal-length sides and two equal angles opposite those sides. It has two pairs of congruent angles and one pair of parallel lines. 

  • Isosceles Triangle

Names of Shapes - Isosceles Triangle

An isosceles triangle is a triangle with two sides of the same length and two angles opposite those sides that have the same measure. The third side, commonly referred to as the base, usually has a distinct length.

  • Equilateral Triangle

Names of Shapes - Equilateral Triangle

An equilateral triangle is a triangle in which all three sides are of equal length and all three angles are of equal measure, specifically 60 degrees. It is a regular polygon and one of the simplest geometric shapes.

  • Obtuse Triangle

Names of Shapes - Obtuse Triangle

An obtuse triangle is a triangle with an angle greater than 90 degrees, also known as an obtuse angle. This type of triangle has two acute angles and one obtuse angle.

  • Acute Triangle

Names of Shapes - Acute Triangle

An acute triangle is a type of triangle where all three of its angles are acute angles, which means they measure less than 90 degrees. In other words, an acute triangle is a triangle with three acute angles.

  • Pentagram

Names of Shapes - Pentagram

A pentagram is created by connecting five straight line segments in a continuous manner, resulting in a five-pointed star shape.

  • Hexagram

Names of Shapes - Hexagram

A hexagram is a six-pointed star, formed by two overlapping equilateral triangles. 

  • Octagram

Names of Shapes - Octagram

An octagram is a geometric figure consisting of an eight-pointed star formed by two squares that intersect at a 45-degree angle. It is also known as an eight-pointed star or an octangle.

  • Parabola

Names of Shapes - Parabola

A parabola is a type of curved shape that results from cutting a cone by a plane that is parallel to one of its sides. It has a line of symmetry, called the axis of symmetry, which passes through the focus and the vertex.

  • Hyperbola

Names of Shapes - Hyperbola

A hyperbola is a type of conic section formed by the intersection of a plane with two separate but symmetrical cones. It is characterized by a curve that resembles two mirrored U-shapes opening in opposite directions. 

  • Dodecahedron

Names of Shapes - Dodecahedron

A dodecahedron is a polyhedron with twelve pentagonal faces, thirty edges, and twenty vertices in three dimensions. It is a regular polyhedron, meaning that all of its faces are congruent regular pentagons and all of its angles and edges have the same length. 

  • Icosahedron

Names of Shapes - Icosahedron

An icosahedron is a three-dimensional solid shape with 20 faces. It has 12 vertices, 30 edges, and each face of this three-dimensional shape is an equilateral triangle. It is a regular polyhedron, meaning that all its faces are congruent and all its edges have the same length.

  • Tetrahedron

Names of Shapes - Tetrahedron

A tetrahedron is a three-dimensional geometric shape made up of four triangular faces, four vertices, and six edges. It is one of the five Platonic solids and has the fewest number of faces. 

  • Rhombicuboctahedron

Names of Shapes - Rhombicuboctahedron

A rhombicuboctahedron is a polyhedron with 26 faces, consisting of 18 square faces and 8 triangular faces. The shape has a total of 24 vertices and 48 edges.


In conclusion, understanding the different shapes and their properties is an important aspect of mathematics, science, engineering, and design. This comprehensive guide has covered 55+ shapes, ranging from basic geometric shapes to more complex ones. At Ekya Schools, we believe in providing the best education to our students, which includes a thorough understanding of shapes and geometry. By providing a picture-perfect guide to shapes, we hope to inspire students to explore and appreciate the beauty and complexity of the world around them. As one of the best kindergarten schools in Bangalore, Ekya Schools strives to provide its students with the best education possible and this guide is just one of the many resources we offer to achieve that goal.

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Ekya / October 10, 2023

The Truth of Time

The Truth of Time

The mountain tops shiver As the snow begins to shower The water flows to cover The secrets of the river.

The birds trill near the lake As the morning sun awake The lion cub to take The crown for the sake.

The windows patter The things clatter The world scatter As our deeds matter

Isana G K
Grade 7
Ekya Schools, ITPL

Ekya / October 10, 2023

Financial literacy from an early age

It’s Jan 2022, I am in grade 6 as a substitute teacher. I ask the students to introduce themselves. They also get curious to know about me. As soon as I tell them that I am a senior grade teacher and I teach Accounts and Business studies, they are intrigued. The word Business catches their attention and some of them express their interest in Finance.
Now, I was fascinated to hear the word finance from such young children. Particularly fascinated by a young student Ms Ahaana Shetty, who explained how she manages her pocket money, as taught to her by her father. She had a clear understanding of creating a balance between saving and spending.
This was not the case in the earlier times. We can quote examples of celebrities who, despite having earned a fortune, burnt their hands at poor financing decisions. Amitabh Bachan’s ABCL took on more than it could handle, like the Miss World pageant, and exhausted all money. Then it took bank loans which it couldn't repay. Mr. Bachchan had retired, so there was no income and no savings. The moral of the story is, that even if people earn astronomical sums, they need to invest it so that it keeps growing.
Having said that, it boils down to the fact that financial literacy at an early age is pivotal for building a strong foundation for financial well-being throughout life. Teaching children about money, budgeting, savings and investments from a young age will help them make informed financial decisions. They can avoid the financial perils faced commonly by people.
The challenge in educating young children about finance would be the financial jargon which they may find overwhelming and difficult to understand. Hence it becomes important to use age-appropriate terminology.
As parents, we can give a reasonable amount of allowance to our children and ask them to use it wisely for needs, and wants and also save a part of it. This will help them to understand the concept of budgeting. We must also encourage them to make informed purchasing decisions, look for discounts and become a smart shopper.
A simple step like opening a savings bank account for the child and making them understand how a bank account works will introduce them to the importance of keeping money safe. They will understand how regular savings will grow over some time due to the compounding of interest.
Children must be taught about loans too. They need to understand that loans should not be borrowed if one is not sure of financial ability to repay. Also, they need to be taught that loans must be repaid timely, or else they will keep becoming bigger due to accumulating interest.
Older children can be introduced to the concepts of stocks and mutual funds. They can be encouraged to follow investments over time and learn about the dynamics of stock markets.
Schools can introduce financial literacy programs and take initiatives to incorporate financial education as part of the curriculum.
I would like to conclude by saying that it is essential for everyone to be financially literate and wisely invest money to grow it. It is equally important to keep track of investments. One should not spend more than what one earns, even if the earnings are enormous, otherwise, the money will not last very long. Remember, it is your money.

Ekya / October 10, 2023

A Guide To Navigating Academic Stress

Academic pressure and impending board exams can feel like an overwhelming storm, but as a 10th-grade student who's been through the burnout ringer, I've discovered effective strategies to stay afloat. When stress creeps in, I lean on a toolbox of coping mechanisms that help me maintain balance and clarity.

Understanding my panic patterns has been key. I've learnt that giving my all is important, but the outcome isn't a mirror of my worth. I remind myself of this and reframe my perspective. To escape my study-clogged mind, I turn to books – they whisk me away to new worlds, however briefly. Music acts as a soothing balm; I limit panic to 5 minutes and then channel my energy into finding solutions.

Engaging in physical activities is another lifesaver. Running or spending time outdoors channels my pent-up energy, allowing my mind to reset. Moreover, taking up hobbies like painting or playing a musical instrument provides a welcome distraction and cultivates a sense of accomplishment beyond academics.

Remember, you're more than your grades. Embrace your unique strengths, employ these strategies, and watch stress lose its grip. With determination, self-awareness, and a dash of escapism, you'll breeze through the academic whirlwind.

Written By: Ahaana Singhal Student of Grade 10

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Why Fast Food Is Harmful To Children’s Health

Fast food is a staple in many people's diets, particularly children, due to its convenience and affordability. However, the ease of access and consumption of fast food often comes at a cost to children's health. The negative effects of fast food on children's health have been well documented, with studies linking it to obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other health issues. In this article, we will discuss why fast food is harmful to children's health and why it is essential to promote healthy eating habits. Fast food is generally high in calories, fat, sugar, and salt, and lacks essential nutrients such as fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Children who consume fast food on a regular basis are more likely to exceed their daily recommended intake of calories and unhealthy fats, leading to weight gain and obesity. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there has been a significant increase in childhood obesity worldwide, with an estimated 38 million children under the age of five being overweight or obese. This can lead to a range of health problems in childhood, such as high blood pressure, sleep apnea, and joint problems, and can increase the risk of developing chronic diseases in adulthood. Fast food is also high in sugar, which can contribute to tooth decay and other health issues such as type 2 diabetes. A diet high in sugar can also affect a child's cognitive function and ability to concentrate, which can impact their academic performance. Additionally, fast food is often low in fiber, which can lead to digestive problems and constipation. Another problem with fast food is that it often contains large amounts of sodium, which can lead to high blood pressure and an increased risk of heart disease. According to the American Heart Association, children who consume too much sodium are at risk of developing hypertension, which can increase their risk of heart disease and stroke in adulthood.
Promoting healthy eating habits in children is essential to their overall health and well-being. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein sources, and healthy fats should all be included in a healthy diet.  Parents and educators can help promote healthy eating habits by encouraging children to eat a balanced diet, preparing healthy meals at home, and limiting their fast and junk food intake.


In conclusion, fast food harms children's health due to its high calorie, fat, sugar, and salt content, and lack of essential nutrients. Children who consume fast food on a regular basis are more likely to be overweight or obese and have an increased risk of developing chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Promoting healthy eating habits is essential to ensure children's overall health and well-being, and to help them develop healthy habits that will benefit them throughout their lives. At Ekya Schools, we prioritize the importance of a healthy diet and encourage our students to make healthy food choices. We understand that healthy fast food options are available, but it is important for children to understand the difference between healthy food and fast food junk food. We believe in educating our students on the importance of making healthy choices when it comes to their diet, and we encourage parents to make healthy food choices for their children as well.

Benefits of Reading: Why It’s Important For Kids

Reading is an essential skill that children need to acquire, as it sets the foundation for their academic and personal growth. Books and reading can have a profound impact on a child's cognitive, emotional, and social development. In this article, we will explore the many benefits of reading and why it is so crucial for kids. We will also take a closer look at how Ekya Schools, one of the best CBSE and ICSE schools in Bangalore, encourages and promotes reading among its students.

The Importance of Reading

Reading is an excellent way to stimulate the mind and improve cognitive skills. When children read, they are exposed to new words, phrases, and ideas that they may not encounter in their daily lives. Being exposed to a wide variety of literature can aid in expanding a child's lexicon, augmenting their comprehension capabilities, and honing their critical thinking aptitude. Reading also helps children develop their imagination and creativity as they imagine the scenes, characters, and events in the stories they read.

Books Reading: A Source of Knowledge

Books are a source of knowledge and information, and reading them is an essential part of a child's education. Reading books exposes children to a wealth of information on different subjects, from history to science to literature. This knowledge broadens their horizons and helps them better understand the world around them. Moreover, books offer different perspectives and viewpoints, which can help children develop empathy and understanding towards others.

The Benefits of Reading Books for Students

Reading books has several benefits for students. It improves their academic performance by enhancing their vocabulary, comprehension, and critical thinking skills. It also helps them develop good study habits and discipline, which can be useful in their academic and personal lives. Reading books can also improve their writing skills as they learn how to express their thoughts and ideas more effectively.

Reading as a Form of Entertainment

Reading is not just an educational activity; it can also be a form of entertainment. Reading books can be a fun and enjoyable activity that children can do in their free time. It can be a way to escape into different worlds and experiences, which can be especially important during times of stress or anxiety. Reading can also be a social activity, as children can share books with their friends and family and discuss their favorite stories and characters.

Ekya Schools' Approach to Reading

At Ekya Schools, we understand the importance of reading and its benefits for our students. We encourage and promote reading in various ways, such as through our well-stocked libraries, reading clubs, and literary events. Our libraries are equipped with a vast collection of books on different subjects and genres, catering to the diverse interests and reading levels of our students. We also organize reading clubs, where students can discuss and share their favorite books and authors with their peers. Additionally, we hold literary events such as book fairs, author visits, and storytelling sessions, which further foster a love of reading among our students.


In conclusion, reading is a vital activity that children should engage in regularly. It has numerous benefits for their cognitive, emotional, and social development and can significantly impact their academic and personal growth. At Ekya Schools, we recognise the importance of reading and strive to cultivate a love of books and reading among our students. By promoting reading and providing them with a rich and diverse collection of books, we aim to create lifelong learners who are knowledgeable, curious, and creative.

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